Science teaches an understanding of natural phenomena. It aims to stimulate a child’s curiosity in finding out why things happen in the way they do. It teaches methods of enquiry and investigation to stimulate creative thought. Children learn to ask scientific questions and begin to appreciate the way science will affect their future on a personal, national, and global level.
The aims of science are to enable children to:
ask and answer scientific questions;
plan and carry out scientific investigations, using equipment, including computers, correctly;
know and understand the life processes of living things;
know and understand the physical processes of materials e.g. electricity, light, sound and natural forces;
know and understand materials and their properties
evaluate evidence and present their conclusions clearly and accurately.
We use a variety of teaching and learning styles in science lessons. Our principal aim is to develop children’s knowledge through the use of scientific enquiry skills. We ensure that at least one aspect the 5 key elements of enquiry permeate each of our lessons. The 5 key elements are
observation over time.
identifying and classifying.
comparative and fair testing.
Sometimes, this is achieved through whole-class teaching, while at other times we engage the children in an enquiry-based research activity. We encourage the children to ask, as well as answer, scientific questions. They have the opportunity to use a variety of data, such as statistics, graphs, pictures, and photographs. They use ICT in science lessons where it enhances their learning. They take part in role-play and discussions and they present reports to the rest of the class. They engage in a wide variety of problem-solving activities. Wherever possible, we involve the pupils in ‘real’ scientific activities, for example, researching a local environmental problem or carrying out a practical experiment and analysing the results.